Vulnerable Populations in Safeguarding Children: Pediatric Medical Countermeasure Research

Learning Objectives

Students should be able to:

  1. Understand why children are a vulnerable population and why special safeguards are needed to protect children as research participants.
  2. Understand the differences between pre-event and post-event MCM research and the ethical challenges of research with children in each context.
  3. Describe conditions under which pre-event MCM research with children is ethically permissible.
  4. Understand the protections afforded to pediatric research participants in the federal regulations, particularly the minimal risk standard.

Download module here.

Download the Background module on vulnerable populations here.


Listen to "Episode 1: Safeguarding Children", an episode of Ethically Sounda podcast of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues.

Ethically Sound Episodes

The Bioethics Commission has launched a new podcast series entitled Ethically Sound.  

Each podcast is playable direct online from the link(s) below or from SoundCloud, iTunes or the Ethically Sound Playlist on Youtube.  Follow the hashtag #EthicallySound for launch announcements.

Safeguarding Children

Ethics and Ebola

Anticipate and Communicate

Privacy & Progress

Gray Matters

New Directions

Moral Science

Ethically Impossible

Bioethics for Every Generation

Charting a Path Forward

This is a work of the U.S. Government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. Foreign copyrights may apply.