Informed Consent in Anticipate and Communicate: Ethical Management of Incidental and Secondary Findings in the Clinical, Research, and Direct-to-Consumer Contexts

Learning Objectives

Students should be able to:

  1. Understand the types of incidental and secondary findings, including the difference between anticipatable and unanticipatable incidental findings, and the relevance of these differences to the informed consent process.
  2. Identify the ethical and practical challenges to the informed consent process raised by incidental and secondary findings.
  3. Describe key elements of informed consent regarding incidental and secondary findings in the clinical, research, and DTC contexts.
  4. Describe recommendations for improving informed consent regarding incidental and secondary findings in each of these contexts.

Download module here.

Download the Background module on informed consent here.


Listen to "Episode 3: Anticipate and Communicate", an episode of Ethically Sounda podcast of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues.

This is a work of the U.S. Government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. Foreign copyrights may apply.