APPENDIX B

                                CHARTER


                                 CHARTER

            ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON HUMAN RADIATION EXPERIMENTS

1.   Committee's Official Designation

    Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments (the
    "Advisory Committee" or "Committee").

2.   Authority

    Executive Order No. 12891.

3.   Objectives and Scope of Activities

    There has been established a Human Radiation Interagency
    Working Group (the "Interagency Working Group"), the members
    of which include the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of
    Defense, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the
    Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the Attorney General, the
    Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space
    Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space
    Administration, the Director of Central Intelligence, and
    the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.  As set
    forth in section 4 of this Charter, the Advisory Committee
    shall provide to the Interagency Working Group advice and
    recommendations on the ethical and scientific standards
    applicable to human radiation experiments carried out or
    sponsored by the United Sates Government.  As used herein,
    "human radiation experiments" means:

    (1)  Experiments on individuals involving intentional
         exposure to ionizing radiation.  This category does not
         include common and routine clinical practices, such as
         established diagnosis and treatment methods, involving
         incidental exposures to ionizing radiation.

    (2)  Experiments involving intentional environmental
         releases of radiation that (A) were designed to test
         human health effects of ionizing radiation; or (B) were
         designed to test the extent of human exposure to
         ionizing radiation.

    Consistent with the provisions set forth in section 4 of
    this Charter, the Advisory Committee also shall provide
    advice, information and recommendations on the following
    experiments:

    (1)  The experiment into the atmospheric diffusion of
         radioactive gases and test of detectability, commonly
         referred to as "the Green Run test," by the former
         Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and the Air Force in
         December 1949 in Hanford, Washington;

    (2)  Two radiation warfare field experiments conducted at
         the AEC's Oak Ridge office in 1948 involving gamma
         radiation released from non-bomb point sources at or
         near ground level;

    (3)  Six tests conducted during 1949-1952 of radiation
         warfare ballistic dispersal device containing
         radioactive agents at the U.S. Army's Dugway, Utah
         site;

    (4)  Four atmospheric radiation-tracking tests in 1950 at
         Los Alamos, New Mexico; and

    (5)  Any other similar experiments which may later be
         identified by the Interagency Working Group.

    The Advisory Committee shall review experiments conducted
    from 1944 to May 30, 1974.  Human radiation experiments
    undertaken after May 30, 1974, the date of issuance of the
    Department of Health, Education and Welfare Regulations for
    the Protection of Human Subjects (45 C.F.R. 46), may be
    sampled to determine whether further inquiry into
    experiments is warranted.  Further inquiry into experiments
    conducted after May 30, 1974, may be pursued if the Advisory
    Committee determines, with the concurrence of the
    Interagency Working Group, that such inquiry is warranted.

4.   Description of Duties for Which
    Committee is Responsible        

    a.   The Advisory Committee shall determine the ethical and
         scientific standards and criteria by which it shall
         evaluate human radiation experiments, as set forth in
         section 3 of this Charter.  The Advisory Committee
         shall consider whether (A) there was a clear medical or
         scientific purpose for the experiments; (B) appropriate
         medical follow-up was conducted; and (c) the
         experiments' design and administration adequately met
         the ethical and scientific standards, including
         standards of informed consent, that prevailed at the
         time of the experiments and that exist today.

    b.   The Advisory Committee shall evaluate the extent to
         which human radiation experiments were consistent with
         applicable ethical and scientific standards as
         determined by the Committee pursuant to paragraph (a)
         of this section.  If deemed necessary for such an
         assessment, the Advisory Committee may carry out a
         detailed review of experiments and associated records
         to the extent permitted by law.

    c.   If required to protect the health of individuals who
         were subjects of a human radiation experiments, or
         their descendants, the Advisory Committee may recommend
         to the Interagency Working Group that an agency notify
         particular subjects of an experiment, or their
         descendants, of any potential health risk or the need
         for medical follow-up.

    d.   The Advisory Committee may recommend further policies,
         as needed, to ensure compliance with recommended
         ethical and scientific standards for human radiation
         experiments.

    e.   The Advisory Committee may carry out such additional
         functions as the Interagency Working Group may from
         time to time request.

5.   To Whom the Advisory Committee Reports

    The Advisory Committee shall report to the Interagency
    Working Group

    The Advisory Committee shall submit its final report to the
    Interagency Working Group within one year of the date of the
    first meeting of the Advisory Committee, unless such period
    is extended by the Interagency Working Group.  The Advisory
    Committee shall issue an interim report not more than six
    months after the date of the first meeting of the Advisory
    Committee.  That interim report shall advise the Interagency
    Working Group on the status of the Advisory Committee's
    proceedings and the likelihood that the Committee will be
    able to complete its duties within one year of the date of
    the first meeting of the Advisory Committee.

6.   Duration and Termination Date

    The Advisory Committee shall terminate thirty days after
    submission of its final report to the Interagency Working
    Group.  This Charter shall expire one year plus thirty days
    after the first meeting of the Advisory Committee, subject
    to renewal and extension by the President.

7.   Agency responsible for providing financial and
    administrative support to the Advisory Committee

    Financial and administrative support shall be provided by
    the Department of Energy.

8.   Estimated Annual Operating Costs

    $3 million.

9.   Estimated Number and Frequency of Meetings

    The Advisory Committee shall meet as it deems necessary to
    complete its functions.

10.  Subcommittee(s)

    To facilitate functioning of the Advisory Committee,
    subcommittee(s) may be formed.  The objectives of the
    subcommittee(s) are to make recommendations to the Advisory
    Committee with respect to matters related to the
    responsibilities of the Advisory Committee.  Subcommittees
    shall meet as the Advisory Committee deems appropriate.

11   Members

    Up to a maximum of fifteen Advisory Committee members shall
    be appointed by the President for a term of one year, which
    may be extended by the President.  Committee members shall
    be compensated in accordance with federal law.  Committee
    members may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem
    in lieu of subsistence, to the extent permitted by law for
    persons serving intermittently in the government service (5
    U.S.C.  5701-5707).

12.  Chairperson

    The President shall designate a Chairperson from among the
    members of the Advisory Committee.


Interim Report of the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation
Experiments, October 21, 1994