The Atomic Century
Before the Atomic Age: "Shadow Pictures," Radioisotopes, and the Beginnings of
Human Radiation Experimentation
The Manhattan Project: A New and Secret World of Human Experimentation
The Atomic Energy Commission and Postwar Biomedical Radiation Research
The Transformation in Government - Sponsored Research
The Aftermath of Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The Emergence of the Cold War Radiation
New Ethical Questions for Medical Researchers
The Basics of Radiation Science
What Is Ionizing Radiation?
What Is Radioactivity?
What Are Atomic Number and Atomic Weight?
Radioisotopes: What Are They and How Are They Made?
How Does Radiation Affect Humans?
How Do We Measure the Biological Effects of External Radiation?
How Do We Measure the Biological Effects of Internal Emitters?
How Do Scientists Determine the Long-Term Risks from Radiation?
In the atomic age, Captain Behrens's Atomic Medicine pointed out,
radiation research was both the agent and the beneficiary of dramatic
developments at the intersection of government and medicine. When ethical
questions were raised by these developments, radiation researchers would be on
the front line in having to deal with them. The burgeoning government-funded
biomedical research, including human radiation research, required a
reexamination of the traditional doctor-patient relationship. At the same
time, the evolving role of medical researchers as government officials and
advisers also posed questions about the place of doctors, and more generally of
scientists, in service to government.